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THE 



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O F T H E 



COLUMBIA ATHENJUI: 



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ADOPTED 



FEBRUARY 28, 1856. 



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COLUMBIA, S. C. 

PRINTED BY I. C. M O R <jr A N 



THE 



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OF THE 



COLUMBIA ATHEl^JUM: 

^y y ADOPTED 

FEBRUARY 28, 1856. 



* COLUMBIA, S. C. 

PRINTED BY I. O. MOKaAN 

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DIRECTORS, 








W. a PRESTOK, President 








W. B. STAIsTLEY, Vice-President. 








M. LABORDE, ] 










R. W. GIBBES, 


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P. J. SHAND, 










ELI KILLIAl^, 










E. J. ARTHUR, 
J. C. LYONS, 


- Directors. 






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J. M. ALLEN, 








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R. L. BRYAN, 
A. J. GREEN, . 










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W. W. UTAZiKER, Jr., 


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^ Secretary of the Board. 










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ACT OF INCORPORATION. 



I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represen- 
tatives, now met and sitting in General Asseinhly, and by 
the authority of the same, That all persons who now are 
or hereafter may become members of an association form- 
ed in the city of Columbia, and known as the Columbia 
Athen^um, be, and they are hereby declared, a body 
politic and corporate, by the name and style of the 
Columbia Athen^um. 

II. That the said corporation shall be empowered to 
retain, possess, and enjoy all such property as it may 
now be possessed of, or entitled to, or which shall here- 
after be given, bequeathed to, or in any manner acquired 
by it. 

III. That the said corporation shall have succession of 
officers and members, to be chosen and admitted accord- 
ing to its by-laws, which the said corporation shall have 
power to make and alter from time to time, provided 
the same be not repugnant to the laws of the land. — 
Said corporation shall also have the right to keep and 
use a common seal, and the -same to alter at will: to 



IV. ACT OF INCORPORATION. 

sue and be sued, to plead and be impleaded, in any of 
the courts of this State, and to have and enjoy every 
right incident to corporations. 

IV. That all books, maps, charts, statues, pictures, and 
so forth, which have been or shall hereafter be present- 
ed to said corporation, shall not be liable to seizure and 
sale under any legal process' whatever, for the debts, 
contracts, or liabilities of said corporation; and on the 
dissolution of said corporation, such books, maps, charts, 
statues, pictures, and so forth, shall revert to the donors 
respectively, or their legal representatives. 

V. That this Act shall be taken and deemed to be a 
public Act, and shall continue of force for twenty years. 

In the Senate House, this twentieth day of Decem- 
ber, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred and fifty-six, and in the eighty- 
first year of the sovereignty and independence 
of the United States of America. 

JAMES CHESNUT, Jr., 

President of the Senate. 
JAMES SIMONS, 

Speaker House of Representatives. 



Cfltistiitttiait. 



ARTICLE I.-MME AND OBJECT. 

The name and style of this Institution shall be the 
" Columbia Athen^um," and it shall have for its 
general object, the encouragement of the amenities 
and virtues which spring from social intercourse, and 
the promotion of useful knowledge by the collection 
of books and periodicals, and by public lectures. 

ARTICLE II -MEMBERSHIP. 

Section 1. The members of the Athenseum shall 
be proprietors and annual contributors. 

Sec. 2. Any person may become a proprietor upon 
the payment of one hundred dollars, for which he 
shall receive a certificate under the seal of the Athe- 
naeum, which shall be transferable and assignable as 
the Board of Directors may prescribe, and he shall be 
exempted from annual dues and contributions. 

Sec. 3. Any person may become an annual con- 
tributor upon the payment oi jive dollars per annum, 
in advance. 



CONSTITUTION. 



ARTICLE III.-OFFICERS. 

Sec. ]. The officers of the Athenaeum shall be a 
President, Vice-President, and ten Directors, who 
shall be chosen from the proprietors, and who togeth- 
er, shall constitute the Board of Direction. 

Sec. 2. The officers shall be elected by ballot, at 
the annual meeting of the members of the Athenaeum. 

Sec. 3. The President shall preside at all meetings 
of the Board of Direction and of the Association, 
giving the casting vote upon all equal divisions, and 
endorse an order for payment upon all accounts 
approved by the Board of Direction. 

Sec. 4. The Vice-President shall be invested with 
the powers of the President during his absence, and 
in the absence of both of the officers, a President pro 
tern, shall be elected by the Board. 

Sec. 5. The Board of Direction shall have power 
to appropriate funds, enact by-laws, and generally 
conduct the affairs of the Athenaeum : shall meet at 
least once a month for the transaction of business ; 
shall report at the annual meeting of the members 
their proceedings for the past year, and the state of 
the concerns of the Athenjigum, and lill all vacancies 
which may occur in the Board during their term of 
office. 



CONSTITUTION. 



Sec. 6. The Board of Directors sliall appoint a 
Librarian, who shall also act as Secretary and Trea- 
surer. It shall be his duty to attend in person, at 
the Library and Reading Room : keep a fair and 
exact register of all books, magazines, maps, charts, 
papers, and all other property in his care ; arrange 
them in proper order, file all papers immediately on 
their reception, and keep an accurate account of all 
books delivered to the members. As Treasurer, he 
shall collect and receive all moneys due to the 
Athenaeum, and pay all accounts, or other demands 
endorsed for payment by the President. He shall 
deposite all funds of the Athenaeum in its corporate 
name, and the same shall be drawn by his check 
only, upon being countersigned by the President. 
He shall keep regular accounts of receipts and dis- 
bursements, open at all times to the inspection of 
the Board, and shall render quarterly statements to 
the Board. He shall, at the annual meeting of the 
members, make a full report upon the financial aftairs 
of the Athenaeum. He shall perform as Librarian, 
Treasurer, and Secretary, all such duties pertaining 
to his office as the Board shall direct. He shall be 
elected annually by the Board, and give bond and 
security, to be approved by them, for the faithful 
performance of his duties, in the sum of two thousand 
dollars. His compensation shall be fixed by the 
Board. 

ARTICLE lY -MEETINGS. 

Sec. 1. The annual meeting of the members of 
the Athenaeum shall be held on the first Saturday 



CONSTITUTION. 



in May. Extra meetings shall be called at the writ- 
ten request of fifteen members, or when deemed ne- 
cessary by the President. 

Sec. 2. Twenty members shall be a quorum for the 
transaction of business at the meetings of the mem- 
bers, and five Directors at the meeting of the Board 
of Directors. 



ARTICLE V -ALTERATIONS. 

There shall be no alteration, addition, or amend- 
ment to this Constitution, unless the same shall have 
been proposed to the Boai'd of Directors one month 
previous to the annual meeting of the members, and 
at such annual meetings approved by two-thirds of 
the proprietors and two-thirds of the annual con- 
tributors present. 



g-fatos. 



ARTICLE I. 

Section 1. The Board of Directors shall meet on 
the first Monday, at 1-^ P. M., of each month, for the, 
transaction of regular business. The President may 
call extra meetings when he deems it necessar}'', or 
when requested to do so by any two members of the 
Board. 

Sec. 2. The President shall appoint, at the first 
regular meeting of the Board after the annual meet- 
ing, four Standing Committees of three each, who 
shall serve for one year: a Committee on Finance, 
on Library and Reading Room, on the Hall and on 
Lectures. 

Sec. 3. The Committee on Finance shall receive 
from the Treasurer all the funds of the Athenaeum, 
and invest them. They shall report to the Board on 
all demands against the Athenaeum ; and they shall 
examine the books of the Treasurer at least once a 
month, and report thereon to the Board, and shall 
conduct all the monetary afikirs of the Athenaeum. 

Sec. 4. The Committee on the Library and Read- 
ing Room, shall select and recommend to the Board 



10 BY-LAWS. 

such papers, books, periodicals, &c., wliicli they may 
deem necessary. They shall examine at least once a 
month, the books of the Librarian, and report there- 
on to the Board. It shall be the duty of one of that 
Committee, to attend at least once a week, the Li- 
brary and Reading Room, and see that the papers 
are properly filed, and the Library Room and Read- 
ing Room kept in good order. 

Sec. 5. The Committee on the Hall shall receive 
and decide upon all applications for the rent of the 
Hall, and shall see that it is kept in proper order. 

Sec. 6. The Committee on Lectures shall procure 
Lecturers for the Athenaeum, at such times as they 
may deem proper. 

ARTICLE II. 

RULES FOR READING ROOM, LIBRARY AND LIBRARIAN. 

Sec. 1. The Reading Room and Library shall be 
open from the 20th March to 2 2d September, in- 
clusive, — 

From 8 A. M. to 1 P. M. 
" 4 P. M. to 6 P. M. 
" 7 P. M. to 10 P. M. 

And from 23d September to 20th March, inclu- 
sive, — 

Fi-om 9 A. M. to 1 P. M. 
" 3 P. M. to 5 P. M. 
" 7 P. M. to 10 P. M. 



BY-LAWS. 1 1 

Sec. 2. The Librarian shall keep a full and accurate 
catalogue of all the books, magazines, maps, charts, 
newspapers, and works of art belonging to the Athe- 
naeum, and arrange them in proper order, which 
shall, at all times, be open to the inspection of the 
members. He shall make a record of all books, 
maps, charts, &c., presented to the Athenaeum, in a 
book provided for that purpose with the names of 
the donors. 

Sec. 3. He shall register, in ledgers prepared for 
that purpose and to be kept in the Library Room, 
the name of every member of the Athenaeum, and 
shall, in no case, deliver a book to any member until 
the name of such member is so registered ; he shall 
therein, preserve an accurate account of the title and 
number of every volume delivered by him ; the name 
of the person to whom delivered, and the time of 
taking and returning the same, together with the 
forfeiture arising from ever}?- defaulter. He shall 
report to the Board the number of books taken out 
by the members during the month. 

Sec. 4. He shall see that the books. Library Room, 
Reading Room and Hall, are kept in good order ; 
shall duly observe the instructions which may be 
given him by the Board of Direction, and take care 
that the regulations relative to the loaning of books 
be strictly adhered to. 

Sec. 5. He shall deliver to any member applying 
personally, or to his written order, not more than 
three volumes. 



12 BY-LAWS. 

Sec. 6. Every member may detain each book or 
set delivered as aforesaid, two weeks, and may renew 
for two weeks longer, except such works as by order of 
the Committee on Library and Reading Room, shall 
be detained for a shorter time, and which shall not be 
renewed. 

Sec. 7. Any member who shall detain a book or 
set longer than the time above limited, respectively, 
shall forfeit and pay to the Athenceum for every day 
a volume is so detained five cents. 

Sec. 8. If any member deface with marginal notes, 
or by marking, or otherwise injure a book, he shall 
make the same good to the Librarian ; and if the 
book lost or injured be one of a set, he shall pay the 
Athenaeum the full value of said set, and may there- 
upon receive the remaining volumes as his property. 

Sec. 9. No member shall be permitted to receive 
a book from the Librarian until he shall have paid 
all sums due from him to the Athenaeum, and make 
good all damages and losses which he may have 
occasioned. 

Sec. 10. The books marked as books of reference, 
thus ("^), and such others as may from time to time 
be specially designated by the Board, shall not be 
taken from the Library. 

Sec. 11. No book shall be reserved by the Libra- 
rian for any Director or Member. 



BY-LAWS. 13 

Sec. 12. Any member may have the privilege of 
introducing- friends who are non-residents, whose 
names shall be registered by the Librarian, in a book 
provided for that purpose, and who shall receive a 
card of admission to the Library and Reading Rooms 
for the term of four weeks. Persons so introduced, 
may consult books in the Library and Reading Room, 
but shall not be privileged to take them out of the 
Rooms. 

Sec. 13. Any member who shall mutilate any pe- 
riodical or papers placed in the Reading Room, or 
remove them from the files, shall be liable to a fine 
of five dollars. 

Sec. 14. 'No periodical shall be taken from the 
Room. 

Sec. 15. No conversation shall be allowed in the 
Reading Room or Library, nor shall any person sit 
in these Rooms with his hat on ; nor will smoking be 
allowed in these Rooms. 

Sec. 16. The Librarian shall remove from the files 
and carefully label and file all daily papers one month 
old, and all'weekly papers two months old. 



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14 PROPRIETORS. 


1 


PKOPRIETORS. 






Adams, J. P. 


Green, H. P. 






Adams, J. U. 


GOODWYN, R. H. 






Allen, J. M. 


Goodwyn, W. S. 






Arthur, E. J. 


GoODWYN, A. D. 






Bauskett, John 


Gregg, Maxcy 






Blanding, S. 


GoODWYN, T. J. 






Boatwright, J. S. 


GUIGNARD, J. S. 






Bower, G. S. 


Hampton, Wade 






Bryan, R. L. 


Hampton, Wade, Jr. 






Bryce, Robert 


Hampton, Frank 






Bryce, C. R. 


Hope, Edward 






Britton, E. H. 


Howell, J. M. 






Berry, M. H. 


Jones, James 






Bedell, Chas. A. 


KiLLiAN, Eli 






Barnwell, R. W., Jr. 


Kay, John A. 






DeSaussure, W. F. 


Levy, Lewis 






Dougal, H. p. 


Lyons, Jacob 






Ewart, J. B. 


Lyons, Henry 






Fisher, John 


LaBorde, M. 






Fisher, E. H. 


LeConte, John 






Fair, Samuel 


LeConte, Jos. 






GiBBES, R. W. 


McMaster, F.W. 






Glaze, William 


Means, B. W. 






Green, A. J. 


Monteith, G. 











NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS ON FILE. 



15 



Parker, J. W. 
Preston, John 
Preston, John, Jr. 
Preston, Alfred 
Preston, Wm. C. 
Preston, Wm. C, Jr. 
Pelham, C. p. 
Phillips, A. R. 
Reiley, William 
Rivers, W. J. 
Reynolds, J. L. 
Sims, Jas. T. 
Scarborough, W. H. 
Stanley, W. B. 



Shand, p. J. 
Scott, John S. 
Smith, W. H. 
Southern, J. P. 
Taylor, Thomas 
Thomas, J. P. 
Taylor, A. R. 
Waring, Clark 
Walker, G. E. 
Wallace, Andrew 
Wallace, Wm. 
Walker, W. W. 
Wood, W. S. 



NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS ON FILE. 



NEW^SPAPERS. 

South Carolinian, Columbia, S. C. 

Carolina Times, " 

Standard, Charleston, 

Courier, " 

Mercury, " 

Lexington Flag, Lexington, 

Enquirer, Yorkville, 

Chronicle, " 

Patriot and Mountaineer, Greenville, 

Advertiser, Edgefield, 

Southern Baptist, Charleston, 

Southern Presbyterian " 



16 NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS ON FILE. 



Constitutionalist, Augusta, Georgia. 

Morning News, Savannah, " 

Alabama Journal, . Montgomery, Ala. 

Mobile Register, .^ Mobile, Ala. 

Richmond Enquirer, Richmond, Va. 

Baltimore American, Baltimore, Md. 

Serai-Weekly Union, ... • . . . Washington City. 

National Intelligencer, " " 

Daily Globe, " «' 

Congressional Globe, ...... " " 

Pennsylvanian, Philadelphia, Pa. 

New York Herald, New York. 

Day Book, " " 

Journal of Commerce, " '* 

Shipping and Commercial List, ... " " 

Albion, " «' 

Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, ..." " 

Scientific American, " " 

Ballou's Pictorial, Boston, Mass, 

Flag of our Union, " " 

Press and Post, " " 

The Daily Delta, New Orleans, La. 

Mississippi an, Jackson, Miss. 

Missouri Democrat, St. Louis, Mo. 

PERIODICALS. 

Blackwood's Magazine, Am'n. edition. New York. 
North British Review, 

Westminster Review, " " " " 

Edinburgh Review, " '* " 

Harper's Magazine, " " 

Hunt's Merchant's Magazine, ... " " 

The Scalpel " " 

American Farmer, Baltimore, Md. 

Church Review, New Haven, Conn. 

DeBow's Review, Washington City. 

Russell's Magazine, Charleston, S. C. 

Southern Quarterly Review, .... Columbia, " 



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